Usenet Glossar



Binary file Usually, binary files are programmes, images or archive files. In contrast to normal text files, they also contain non-alphabetic symbols and can often only be opened by one programme.
Client In simple terms, a client is a specialised computer programme which connects to another programme, e.g. a server, in line with the client-server model. As part of this, the client uses the server’s services. One good example of a client is a web browser.
Discussion forum Discussion forums are virtual meeting places. They allow people to share their views, thoughts and experiences with each other. This communication usually takes place in real time.
Freeware The term “freeware” is given to software which is provided to users free of charge. However, you are not permitted to change the software.
Hierarchy In the context of Usenet, a hierarchy consists of the total number of newsgroups which exist in this topic. Nowadays, in addition to the eight major hierarchies (the so-called “Big 8”), a whole host of specialised topics and areas of interest also have hierarchies.
Newsgroup Newsgroups are virtual forums in different networks, such as on the Internet or on the Usenet. They are intended as a place for like-minded people to share their views. If a user posts an article in a newsgroup, this is then sent to a news server (as described in the Client-Server model) which makes it available to other users. The most well known news system is Usenet. Special software called a news reader is required to access newsgroups.
Newsreader Newsreaders are also called Usenet clients or Usenet software. Newsreaders are special computer programmes which allow users to write or read messages in newsgroups.
Terabyte This word is made up of the Greek word téras (meaning monster or incredibly big) and byte. It is sometimes shortened to TB. A terabyte is made up of 1012 bytes = 1,000,000,000,000 bytes. A byte is a measurement from the field of IT and the name itself is an abbreviation of 8 Bit.
User Generated Content User generated content (UGC) is also known as “user driven content”. UGC is special because it means that the content of a website does not come from the provider itself but from the users. The OECD has defined three criteria for UGC – publication requirement, creative effort and creation outside of professional routines and practices. Usenet is seen as one of the UGC pioneers.
Usenet The term Usenet is an abbreviation of Unix User Network. Usenet is a global electronic network. This network is composed of newsgroups which every user can use and participate in without restrictions. Users require a newsreader to use the newsgroups.
Usenet provider Usenet providers are companies which offer users fee-based access to the Usenet.
Retention time The term retention time is used in various different fields of IT and describes the maximum period that information or data is retained for. The retention time is defined by the service provider. After the retention time is over, the retained information or data is deleted. When selecting a provider, Usenet users are recommended to choose the offer with the longest possible retention time.